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Ashburn was originally called Farmwell (variant names include Old Farmwell and Farmwell Station) after a nearby mansion of that name owned by George Lee III. The name Farmwell first appeared in George Lee’s October 1802 will and was used to describe the 1,236-acre plantation he inherited from his father, Thomas Ludwell Lee II. A section of Farmwell plantation west of Ashburn Road, a 580-acre tract, was purchased in 1841 by lawyer and almost vice-president John Janney, a Quaker, as a summer home. John Janney called the property Ashburn Farm (first known written use is 1870 when he sold the property). It is likely he named the farm after family friends named Ashburn.
Ashburn is home to four landmarks on the National Register of Historic Places: Belmont Manor House (1799), the Broad Run Bridge and Toll House (1820), the sanctuary of Ashburn Presbyterian Church (1878), and Janelia Farm (1936).
Located within the Dulles Technology Corridor, Ashburn is home to many high-tech businesses. World Trade Center Dulles Airport is currently under construction and will be the second World Trade Center in the state. Verizon Business has a major office in Ashburn at the location replacing MCI WorldCom’s headquarters, after its acquisition. It announced that it would move its headquarters to Ashburn in 2003. Ashburn is also home to government contractor Telos. Prior to 2009, AOL had its headquarters in Ashburn, but today, maintains its Ashburn location as a satellite office, while its headquarters were moved to New York City. According to AOL’s Real Estate website, the future job growth of Ashburn is projected to be 26% over the next ten years. The unemployment rate is at 3%.
The area serves as headquarters for the internet service provider Verizon Business and for the Janelia Farm Research Campus (HHMI). Redskins Park, the training camp for the Washington Redskins football team of the National Football League, is also located in Ashburn.
eague, is also located in Ashburn.